Skip to main content

EU’s pledge of direct budgetary Support to Somalia is another sign of good governance



Following the Mogadishu Security Conference of 4 December 2017, H.E. Hassan Ali Khaire and EEAS Deputy Secretary General Pedro Serrano co-chaired the Somalia High-Level Security Meeting on 2 May in Brussels.

In a press conference, shortly after the conference, Prime Minister Hassan Ali Kheyre stated that the European Union agreed to contribute 100 million Euros to Somalia's budget. This is an overdue step taken in the right direction. The international community spends over a billion dollar of humanitarian and developmental aid in Somalia every year. Almost all this money is managed and dispersed by UN agencies and other NGOs. For a long time, the somali government has been requesting some of this money to be channelled through its treasury.

In 2014, donors and Somali government agreed 15% of the Official Development Aid (ODA) being infused into the government budget. The implementation of that agreement was steady but slow. Only 4% and 8% of ODA, for instance, was managed by the treasury in 2015 and 2016 respectively. This is well below the agreed target of 15%. Somalia is the only country where this kind of full control of aid by donors takes place. Other low-income fragile states such as Afghanistan and Central African Republic (CAR) are allowed to manage and disburse substantial amount of ODA. For example, Afghanistan, which is comparable to Somalia in every aspect of governance, 74% of development-focused aid is channelled through Afghan national budget.

It may be assumed that the strong political interest of donors is the main reason they comply with Afghan government’s request. However, other countries such as CAR, Mali and Liberia which have less geopolitical interests of donor governments are doing far better than Somalia when it comes to control of aid and its management. For example, 28% of development-focused aid is channelled through CAR's national budget while the figure is 44% in Mali. This clearly demonstrates that Somalia has been marginalised and unfairly treated when it comes to using country systems.

Using country system is important for state-building and strengthening government institutions. Although The New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States called for increased use of country systems (UCS) in 2011 and Members of the International Dialogue on Peace-building and State-building emphasised the need for greater use of country system, traditional donor government refused to use. While some of them did so explicitly as the UK’s DFID which ruled out any contribution to Somali national budget in 2015, others increased bureaucratic hurdles when using country system for aid delivery. USAID, for example, is required to notify the Congress if any of its funds are to be channelled through country system. Turkey and Saudi Arabia are the only countries which provide direct budgetary support for Somali government.

 The reason why donors were so reluctant to use Somali government system was that widespread corruption and mismanagement were rampant in the country in addition to the weak finance system. However, as the World Bank Report (2018) points out donors’ claim was based on outdated figures and guesswork analysis thus, their actions and believe do not reflect the reality on the ground and the progress that the Somali government has made recently. 

In fact, Somalia made tangible improvement in the areas of public finance management and met most of IMF’s list if not all. According to IMF, “Somalia’s public finance management is getting closer to international and regional standards and ready to handle a greater share of development assistance”. It further added, “the next set of Staff Monitored Programme structural benchmark, if achieved, will further demonstrate readiness to handle donor funding”.

It could be these positive improvements, in addition to the efforts made by Prime Minister’s Office, which has been pressing donors to use country systems since 2017 London conference, what changed EU’s approach to aid delivery in Somalia.

EU’s pledge, if honoured, is another sign of good governance shown by the current administration. It will help the Somali government to deliver tangible results for its citizens. It strengthens its institutions and allows the government to plan its budget effectively and deliver basic public services to its citizens which, in return, enhance its credibility and perceptions held by its citizens. The EU’s decision, moreover, may influence other traditional donors such the UK and the US and open a new way of dealing with Somali government whose sovereignty has been at stake. All in all EU’s decision to deal directly with Somali government is welcome news.  

Ibrahim Aden Shire

Popular posts from this blog

Toban Sano oo Xasillooni Nololeed ah: Toban Guuradii Guurkayga

Maanta oo kale Toban sano ka hor (23/02/2008) ayuu Sheekh Xasan Axmed Nuur qabbiltu yiri Laylo Aadan Maxamed isagoo aniga iga wakiil ah. Guntinta xirantay maalinkaas, waxay ahayd natiijo ka dhalatay sideed sano oo shukaansi iyo haasaawe jeceyl ah. Lix sano oo ka mid ah siddeeddaas sano,  waxaan ku kala noolayn dhul aad u kala durugsan,farriimaha jeceylkana haadka samada duuliyo haatufkaa siday. 
Maalintaas waxaa furmay bog cusub waxaana bilowday geedigii lagu ogaan lahaa dhadhanki mirihii siddeedda sano la kobcinayay. waxaa la guda galay markaan kala ogaan lahayn inaan sun iyo wabaanyo huursanaynay iyo inaan sabuul gallay iyo saan wacan waraabsanaynay.

Sacdiyo Xawaash ayaan ka guntay hadalkaan soo socdo, mar ay ka warraymaysay saygeeda fiicnaantiisa "guurku waa god madow oo aad gacanta u dirto. In abeeso ka qaniintana waa suura gal in dahab kaa soo raacana waa suura gal. anigu dahab ayaa iga soo raacay" ayay tiri.

Sida Sacdiya oo kale, ayaa aniguna godkii aan gacanta u dira…

Maktabadda garbahaarrey (Garbahaarrey library- مكتبة جربهاري)

Maktabbaddu waa maskaxda kaydiyaha qarsoon sida qofka uleeyahay maskax wax ku kaydsada ayaa makatabadduna ummad waliba ku kaydsataa aqoonteeda, afkaarteeda iyo dhammaan macluumaadka bulshada wax tarka u leh,waxaase u dheer in ay tahay muraayadda koobaad ee laga fiirsho bulshada, gaar haan markii larabo in la cabiro heerka aqooneed ee waddan-ka ama magaalada waxaa isha laga buuxsadaaa nidaaam-ka waxbarasheed iyo in ay leedahay goobo wax lagu akhrista sida Makatabadaha iyo matxafyada waa-weyn ee lagu kaydiya raad-raaca iyo dhaqanka dal-ka.
Tusaale ahaan sanadihii1960-1970 yadii waxaa tijaabo lagu sameeyay in laga yagleelo maktabado  dal-ka Ciraaq si loo qaado heerka waxbarasho iyo wax akhris ee dal-ka, natiijadi soo baxaday ayaa ahayd mid aad loogu riyaaqaay, iyadoo ay soo baxeen jiil wax badan fahmasan, oo kaalin weyn ka qaatay isbedlka aqooneed ee dal-ka. Dhanka kale dawaladah reer galbeedka ayaa aad oogu dadaalo in ay u sameeyaan goob waliba oo dad isugu yimaado goob yar oo wax lagu ak…

Qof Wax ma Baddalo ee Qalin iyo Qoraal ayaa wax Baddalo

Aadanuhu waa is baddal u joog. Wuxuu tartan kula jiraa isbadalka Rabbaniga ah ee ku dhacayo bii’ada uu ku noolyahay. Qowmiyaddi la socon waydo xawaaraha isbaddalku ku socdo waxaa ku dhaco dib u dhac ka reebo dunida kale.
Guud ahaan caalamka islaamka waxaa ku yimid dib u dhac xagga horumarka iyo hoggaanka dunida ah. Dalalka saboolka ah ee dalkeennu ka mid yahay ayaa ugu sii daran. Waxay u ilmaynayaa isbaddal siyaasadeed, mid bulsho, mid dhaqaale, mid aqooneed iyo mid hoggaan. Qof walba oo aad waydiiso waxa naga dhimman wuxuu si fudud kuu dhihi isbaddal ayaa loo baahan yahay.
Hasa ahaatee wax mushkilad noqotay in la fahmo cidda laga sugayo inay isbaddalka keenaan. Dadka intiisa badan waxay eegayaan madaxda iyo siyaasiyiinta oo ay ka sugayaan isbaddal dhinac walba ah. Laakiin qof wax ma baddali karaa iyada oo aysan bulshadu is baddalin? Bulshaduse yaa baddali karo yaase saamayn wax baddali karto yeelan karo?
Dabcan duunyo iyo dugaag isbaddal horumarineed laga sugi mahayo ee dad iyo sha…

Contact Form

Name

Email *

Message *