Skip to main content

Why the West’s and the UN’s Funding were not included in the 2018 budget of Somalia

                                                                           
On last Monday (22/11/17) Somalia’s finance minister announced his 2018 budget. In his statement, he explained how they would spend the budget as well as where they expected this year’s income. In addition to the 620 million expected to be collected in taxes, the minister disclosed further 62.3 million expected from three countries: Saudi Arabia 32 million, Turkey 20 million and Qatar 10 million. However, the contributions from the UN and the West, which are the main backers of the government and its biggest financers, were not included in the budget so where the western donor’s money gone and why is it not in the budget? The answer is that their money cannot be counted on because of two reasons.
Firstly, the west believes that Somalia’s finance management systems are too weak to permit budget support thus, they use other ways to deliver their assistance and support the government. For example, in 2016, Somalia received US$ 1.3 billion –two times of the government budget- as Official Development Assistance (ODA). Only 8% of this money was channelled through the Somali treasury and the rest was delivered through donor agencies and their partners. Not all the 8% was independently managed by the treasurer but 92% of it (50.4 million) was delivered through these channels: “projects financed through the World Bank Multi Partner Fund (MPF), general budget support provided by Saudi Arabia and sector budget support provided by Turkey”.

The second reason is unpredictability. Even the small fraction that the donors allocate to fund through the government cannot be relied on. In 2015, the international community planned to deliver 15% of the ODA of 2016 through the treasury but that fell to only 8% as explained above. This is because contributions from the West come with series of conditions which require being met before their dispensations, thus making it unreliable as no one sure whether these conditions will be met or not. Moreover, Western donors constantly review their aid budget and make changes their objectives and priorities according to their wishes rather the recipient’s needs. This means, if one donor changes its aid policy towards your country or its priority moves from your country to another, what you were expecting from them would be reduced at best if not cancelled it all.

What makes, even more, harder for the ministry to meet the attached conditions is that the donors are not united in what they provide. For example, the $1.3 billion that Somalia received last year was paid by 45 different organisations representing different countries and the UN. Each of these organisations demands its own discussion, designing and their particular rules, procedures and approaches. Therefore, the possibility of receiving anything is minimal. The main underlying reason of why the international community does not channel aid through the Somali treasury is that the donors perceive that widespread corruption flourishes in the country.

This negative perception of the West, which becomes an excuse for not directly infusing ODA into the treasury, is not pertinent to Somalia. Over 75% of donor support in Africa is provided as project aid rather than through government budgets. This forced many African countries not to count on the donors’ support. Uganda, for example, which is a long-standing large recipient of aid, discounts up to 50% on donor commitment. Similarly, Ethiopia, which is believed to be the least corrupt country in Africa, discounted several times up to 75% of the European Commission Aid expecting only 25% to arrive on time.

Although donor governments have every right to know where and how their taxpayers’ money is spent, the current method does not guarantee that every penny ends up in the right hands thus reaching the intended people. But it is undermining the Somali government, as the unpredictability of aid makes hard for it to deliver its services.

Somalia stands today where Rwanda was standing when the current regime came to power in the 1990s. That time the international community was nervous about Rwanda. The country just emerged from the devastating civil war, which claimed the lives of million people within three months and destroyed all government institutions. The new rulers were minority elites with no track record of governance and plenty of reasons for feeling vengeful against the Hutu majority who massacred their fellow Tutsi. Hence every country was reluctant to get too close and finance its budgets directly instead they chose the easy options: in the words of Giles Bolton “do few projects, continue to meet humanitarian needs, fund other bits and pieces here and there” -exactly as they are doing now in Somalia. It continued in this way until UK government took a bold and brave decision in the 2000s, in which it started to provide a long-term support direct to the Rwandan government’s budget. That move became a gamble worth taking since it encouraged other donors to follow and provided Rwanda for the funding it required to rebuild itself.


Somalia is rebuilding gradually and its institutions are improving year by year but without receiving from its international partners the necessary funding to deliver the services that Somali people desperately need, it will be hard for it to win the support of its people and speed up the recovery process. Therefore, a country, which, like the UK in Rwanda, takes the lead and provides the financial support that Somali government needs is central to its success.

Ibrahim Aden Shire

Ishire86@gmail.com

Popular posts from this blog

Xasuustaydi Halyeey Maxamuud Xasan Cilmi

14ki Octobar waxaa dhacay musiibo nagu dhacdo tii ugu weynayd. Maahan kaliya tirada dadka ku dhintay badnaanteeda waxa qalbiga na gubay ee sidoo kale qiimaha iyo tayada dad ka naga dhintay sarraynteeda ayaa ah mid aan laga gam'i karin. Waxaan is iri ma xulkii ummaddeena ayaa meesha la isugu geeyay mise Soomaali oo dhan ayaan kala dhicin. Dareenkaygu wuxuu i siinayaa inay jawaabtu tahay midda danbe. 
waxaa naga baxay dad aan la kala fadili karin xagga tayada iyo xagga muhiimmada ay dalka iyo dadka u lahaayeen. Bal fiiri Maryan, ardayadii caafimaadka ee maalin ka hor qalin jabinteedi la laqmiyay, hooyo Caasho, ogoonlaydi banaanka bur shiishiilka ku gadaysay si ay caruurteeda tuugsi uga kaafiso, wiilkii iyo gabadhii uu dhalay aabaha naafada ah ee wax waxtar ah qabo labadaas ka haystay, afartii wiil ee walaalaha ahaa ee isku meesha lagu dubay. mid walba waxaa la dilay waqtigii loogu baahida badnaa. kaad eegtaba kan kale ka xanuun badan. Mid walbana wuxuu mudan yahay qormo gooni ah. H…

Toban Sano oo Xasillooni Nololeed ah: Toban Guuradii Guurkayga

Maanta oo kale Toban sano ka hor (23/02/2008) ayuu Sheekh Xasan Axmed Nuur qabbiltu yiri Laylo Aadan Maxamed isagoo aniga iga wakiil ah. Guntinta xirantay maalinkaas, waxay ahayd natiijo ka dhalatay sideed sano oo shukaansi iyo haasaawe jeceyl ah. Lix sano oo ka mid ah siddeeddaas sano,  waxaan ku kala noolayn dhul aad u kala durugsan,farriimaha jeceylkana haadka samada duuliyo haatufkaa siday. 
Maalintaas waxaa furmay bog cusub waxaana bilowday geedigii lagu ogaan lahaa dhadhanki mirihii siddeedda sano la kobcinayay. waxaa la guda galay markaan kala ogaan lahayn inaan sun iyo wabaanyo huursanaynay iyo inaan sabuul gallay iyo saan wacan waraabsanaynay.

Sacdiyo Xawaash ayaan ka guntay hadalkaan soo socdo, mar ay ka warraymaysay saygeeda fiicnaantiisa "guurku waa god madow oo aad gacanta u dirto. In abeeso ka qaniintana waa suura gal in dahab kaa soo raacana waa suura gal. anigu dahab ayaa iga soo raacay" ayay tiri.

Sida Sacdiya oo kale, ayaa aniguna godkii aan gacanta u dira…

Labo iyo Tobanki sano ee lagu Qalleeyay 12-ki ka horeeyay. Ku Wacyi Qaado Sooyaalkii warsame Shiidleey.

Warsame waa 24 jir. Waa qoraa afka soomaaliga wax ku qoro horayna u daabacay buug ku guulaystay abaal marin sare. Qur’aanka waa uu xafidsanyahay. Dhawaan ayuu qaatay shahaadada darajada kowaad ee jaamacada. Sidaas oo ay tahay magaalo waxa uu joogaa 12 sano kaliya. Ma run baa mise waa riyo mise waa sidaan jeclaan lahayn? Ma shahaadadi Cabdalla Shideeyaa mise cilmigii Cabdi-wali ee baadiniga ahaa (wadaadki Gaalkacyo)? Intaba midna mee waa dadaal rageed iyo doonitaan Eebe iyo tusmo u furan qof walba oo doono inuu guul ka gaaro hadafkiisa.
Inta aanan billaabin sheekada aan mar kale sheego in ujeedka qoraalkaan uusan ahayn ammaan iyo dhaliil toona balse ujeedku yahay cashar barasho, tusmayn iyo tusaalayn kuwa jecel inay naftooda horumariyaan, dhiirri galin kuwa uu gaariga dadaalku meel dhexe kula jabay, baraarujin kuwa aan arag awoodda Alle siiyay iyo fursadaha ay haystaan. Sidaa darteed ku aqri qalbi fayow oo diyaar u ah wacyi qaadasho iyo ku dayasho.
Imaamul Ghazali Eebe ha u raxmadee ayaa…

Contact Form

Name

Email *

Message *